Epilepsy is a chronic condition characterized by recurrent seizures that can range from brief attention lapses or muscle jerks to severe and prolonged seizures. According to the World Health Organization, more than 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy and 80% of those people live in developing regions. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 3.4 million people in the United States have active epilepsy. While the symptoms of epilepsy may vary between cases, the disorder always causes seizures, which are periods of sudden irregular electrical activity in the brain that can affect a person’s behavior.
Epilepsy seizures, symptoms and causes
Epilepsy is classified into four categories, said Dr. Jacqueline French, a neurologist who specializes in the treatment of epilepsy at NYU Langone Health. Idiopathic epilepsy (also called primary or intrinsic epilepsy) is not associated with another neurological disease and has no known cause, except possibly a genetic one. This type of epilepsy constitutes a third of all cases, according to the Epilepsy Foundation. Acquired (or secondary) epilepsy can arise from prenatal complications, traumatic brain injuries, strokes, tumors and cerebrovascular diseases.
Within each of these two categories, there is a generalized or mixed epilepsy, which involves electrical instabilities in many areas of the brain; and focal epilepsy, in which instability is limited to one area of the brain.
According to the CDC, different types of seizures are common to each category of epilepsy. Generalized seizures vary in severity: absence seizures can cause a person to look into space or blink rapidly, while tonic-clonic seizures cause muscle shaking and loss of consciousness. Focal seizures, on the other hand, can cause a person to experience a strange taste or smell or act dazed and unable to answer the questions.
In each case, epileptic symptoms occur because normal signaling between neurons (nerve cells in the brain) has been interrupted. This may be due to abnormalities in brain wiring, an imbalance of nerve signaling chemicals called neurotransmitters or a combination of both. It is known that the temporal lobe of the brain works differently in people with epilepsy compared to healthy individuals, suggesting that it plays a role in the condition, said Dr. Brian Dlouhy, a neurosurgeon and researcher at the University of Iowa.
Epilepsy can develop at any time during a person’s life and sometimes it can take years after a brain injury for signs of epilepsy to appear, French said.
“There is a huge approach by [the National Institutes of Health] and others to find a way to intervene” before the condition arises, he said, but currently, there is no way to prevent or cure it completely.
While the predominant symptoms of epilepsy are seizures, having a seizure does not always mean that a person has epilepsy. Seizures can also be the result of head injuries due to falls or other traumas, but epileptic seizures are strictly caused by irregular electrical activity in the brain.
During seizures spontaneous and temporary symptoms may occur, such as confusion, muscle pulls, spells, loss of consciousness and alterations in mood and mental functions.
How is epilepsy diagnosed?
Doctors can measure and identify abnormal electrical activity in the brain with electroencephalography (EEG). People with epilepsy often show abnormal patterns of brain waves even when they are not experiencing a seizure. Therefore, routine or prolonged EEG monitoring can diagnose epilepsy, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.
EEG monitoring, along with video surveillance during periods of wakefulness and sleep, can also help rule out other disorders such as narcolepsy, which may have symptoms similar to those of epilepsy. Brain images such as PET, MRI, SPECT and CT scans look at the structure of the brain and map damaged areas or abnormalities, such as tumors and cysts, which may be the underlying origins of seizures, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Epilepsy treatment and medication
People with epilepsy can be treated with medications, surgery, therapies or a combination of the three. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that, in general, 70% of people with epilepsy could control their seizures with antiepileptic drugs or surgery, but 75% of people with epilepsy living in developing regions do not receive Treatment for your condition. This is due to the lack of trained caregivers, the inability to access medications, social stigma, poverty and the lack of prioritization of epilepsy treatment.
30% of cases that cannot be completely managed with medication or surgery are included in the category of intractable or drug resistant epilepsy. Many forms of drug-resistant epilepsy occur in children, French said.
Anticonvulsant medications are the most commonly prescribed treatment for epilepsy, according to French. There are more than 20 epileptic medications available in the market, including carbamazepine (also known as Carbatrol, Equetro, Tegretol), gabapentin (Neurontin), levetiracetam (Keppra), lamotrigine (Lamictal), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) (Trinaptal) Lyrica), thiagabine (Gabitril), topiramate (Topamax), valproate (Depakote, Depakene) and more, according to the Epilepsy Foundation.
Most of the side effects of anticonvulsants are relatively minor, such as fatigue, dizziness, difficulty thinking or mood problems, French said. In rare cases, medications can cause allergic reactions, liver problems and pancreatitis.
As of 2008, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ordered all epilepsy medications to carry a warning label about the increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. A 2010 study that followed 297,620 new patients treated with an anticonvulsant found that certain medications, such as gabapentin, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine and thiagabine, were associated with an increased risk of suicidal acts or violent deaths.
Coping and management
Patients with epilepsy may need to adjust certain elements of their lifestyle, such as recreational activities, education, occupation or transportation, to accommodate the unpredictable nature of their attacks, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Epilepsy can be deadly, French said. In addition to SUDEP, a person suffering from a seizure may fall and bump his head or dive while swimming; People with epilepsy are 15 to 19 times more likely to drown than non-epileptic people, according to the Mayo Clinic. People with epilepsy may also have an increased risk of suicide due to associated mood disorders or as a side effect of their medications, French said.
Intractable epilepsy from an early age can cause a child to be behind in development, since seizures can cause him to lose school, which impairs his learning and IQ, Dlouhy said.
However, many patients with epilepsy can still lead a healthy and socially active life, especially after educating themselves and the people around them about the facts, misconceptions and stigma surrounding the disease.
Anyone can develop epilepsy, at any time in life. It happens in people of all ages, races and social classes. Epilepsy is most often diagnosed in children and in people over 65 years. There are more than half a million people with epilepsy in the United Kingdom, so about 1 in 100 people.
Fermented Rice Water For Hair: Ultimate Remedy for Hair Fall Problems
Hair is the crowning glory for both men & women. Literally speaking, our hair actually builds up our overall personality and it makes us look presentable in front of others. Hair quality is dependent on both the nutritional factors as well as extrinsic factors like the increasing pollution, the quality of water you use and most importantly the products which you use for hair fall treatment as those are the things which directly help or hamper the texture of naturally strong hair. Along with that hair fall tips too don’t seem to work that much.
Hair Fall is one of the most common modern age problems which both men & women struggle to get rid of, but sadly all that stress even adds up to the hair fall reasons. In addition to the use of hard chemicals present in shampoos & other hair styling products on hair, the hard water too is responsible for damaged hair & hair fall issues you have been facing. So how to stop hair fall? Any healthy hair tips?
Interestingly, there is an ingredient which primarily had its origin in South-West China. There is an ancient tribe Yao and they have women with envious long locks of hair, just like Rapunzel. And the miraculous ingredient for their amazing long & strong hair is attributed to Fermented Rice Water. These tribal women have primarily been using Fermented Rice water for hair care all their life. The village is famously known as the ‘Land of Rapunzels’. It is the use of Fermented Rice Water that endured all the hair problems and never ever faced any concerns related to hair fall. Till today Yao tribe’s women have an amazing hair length & texture which is a real luxury in modern times.
All about Fermented Rice Water
Fermented Rice water, in simpler words is the starchy off-white water which is left after you soak or cook rice for some time. It is naturally enriched with starch (carbohydrates and complex compounds) and it helps in making the hair smooth & imparts a shine.
Amazing Benefits of Fermented Rice Water
Fermented rice water is a special ingredient and it is enriched with vitamins E, B3 & B5 which are the building blocks for healthy hair and are immensely important in preventing hair fall. Fermented rice water also consists of a combination of amino acids. So these multi-vitamins and amino acids present in Fermented Rice Water combined together help in strengthening and protecting your hair against any possible instance of hair fall.
Since, this is mostly starch left over from rice; it helps in restoring pH balance of your hair. The ancient Yao tribe women used the milky rice water which was obtained after soaking or cooking rice. The water is mainly starch along with other complex compounds of vitamins & amino acids which was stored and used over time to wash hair. The tribes lived in a region of fertile soil where rice growth was primarily dominant and that is why the Fermented Rice Water originated in this tribal region was so miraculous in preventing all hair fall problems.
Fermented Rice water tends to make hair shinier & smoother which causes less friction and eventually lesser hair fall instances.
This ingredient can also be used as a last rinse to keep the hair strands smooth & nourished and let all its nutrients make your mane even stronger so as to reduce hair fall issues.
Fermented Rice Water is something which has been somewhere not given enough credit for its miraculous effects in reducing hair fall. But now that we are aware about its relevance in recent times, it is a great way to follow these age old secrets for the modern day hair fall problem.
So far with so many amazing benefits we can surely emphasize that Fermented Rice Water is surely the savior for all hair fall problems. And this is the best ingredient to use for hair care before you reach a stage when you cannot revive your hair as its texture and density is degrading with a fast pace with each passing day.
6 beauty tips to get a glowing face
If you want glow on your face, then try these 6 beauty tips regularly, your face will start looking flawless and attractive.
1. Sometimes eating raw onion is good for the face for cleansing the skin. It also helps in reducing facial spots.
2. It is also very important to give rest to the eyes to look fresh. Those sitting in front of the computer for a long time should look outside the window or after some time and do light exercise of the eyes, this gives relief to the eyes.
3. By applying mask on the face, dead cells present on the skin of the face are removed. This makes the face beautiful and the skin is tight and wrinkles are also reduced.
4. Taking a bath also makes the face glow. However, it should not be bathed for more than 10 minutes. Long-term bath also reduces skin moisture. Long baths with hot water can also cause red spots on the skin.
5. Almost everyone starts getting sleepy in the afternoon. It is beneficial if you close your eyes even after taking 5 minutes out of work time. This not only helps in concentrating but also increases the level of serotonin hormone in the blood. This hormone is responsible for the feeling of happiness.
6. Fresh air helps in removing tiredness of the day. Walking for a while or light exercise also makes the face glow. According to Britain’s Essex University, it makes a person feel lighter too. Freshness comes to the mind amidst the blue sky and greenery.
All Natural Beauty Tips For Any Skin Type
I’m excited to share with my top 26 natural beauty tips that I’ve learned over the years doing skincare research and in naturopathic medical practice. For individualized tips based on your skin type click here to take my Skin Quiz!
These are super easy to do at home with just a few ingredients.
As an alternative to expensive, invasive procedures and toxic skincare ingredients, I’m sharing these do-it-yourself tips to help you save time, money, and your health.
And, the best part is you’re using the healing powers of nature and supporting your body’s innate healing capacities to look naturally beautiful.
1. Eliminate Tired Puffy Eyes With Chilled Tea Bags
Natural Beauty Tips For Tired Puffy Eyes
Briefly steep 2 green, black, or chamomile tea bags in hot water for less than a minute. Then remove the tea bags from the water and chill in a small bowl in the refrigerator. Once chilled, place 1 bag over each closed eyelid. Leave on your lids for 5 to 15 minutes. Watch this video if you’d like to see me explain this.
2. Use Raspberries And Coconut Oil For Brighter Lips
Natural Beauty Tips For Brighter Lips
In a small saucepan on low heat, warm 1 Tablespoon coconut oil until it liquefies. Remove from heat and add 4 fresh or frozen red raspberries. Mash berries and blend until smooth. Place in a small glass container and refrigerate until firm. Use clean fingers or a lipgloss brush to smooth over lips. Make this fresh every few days.
3. Get A Natural Face Lift With Simple Yoga Poses
Natural Beauty Tips For A Natural Lift And Vitality
Doing inverted postures before pictures, interviews, and meetings can improve circulation and help give your face some extra lift and vitality. You perform the “downward dog” yoga pose by getting on the floor on your hands and knees and then straightening your legs. Or, simply bend forward and reach towards your toes. Stay in one of these positions as long as you feel comfortable, for about 1 to 5 minutes. If you have physical limitations such as injuries or back pain, check with your healthcare provider about how to modify this posture. Here are 7 different poses you can do for glowing skin.
4. Get Soft, Kissable Skin With A Natural Pomegranate, Raspberry, and Sweet Almond Oil Blend
Natural Beauty Tips To Turn Dry Skin Into Luminous Soft Skin
Naturally hydrate dry skin and add an extra glow to the end of your skincare routine by creating a natural antioxidant-rich oil blend. Apply after cleansing or after putting on makeup. Mix together equal parts Pomegranate seed oil, Raspberry seed oil, and Sweet Almond Oil, or get the already made The Spa Dr. Glow Boost.
Place 3 to 6 drops of the oil mixture in the palm of your hand, rub your hands together to warm the oils. Then, with your fingertips gently press the warm oil into dry areas of your face or areas where you have fine lines and wrinkles.
5. Reduce Skin Creases By Changing Your Pillowcase
Natural Beauty Tips To Reduce Skin Creases
Instead of coarser fabrics, choose a pillowcase that is soft and silky to decrease the friction and skin compression that occurs while you sleep and leaves you with extra lines in the morning. If you sleep on your side, try switching sides occasionally or sleeping on your back, so your face doesn’t wrinkle over time from pressure in certain areas. But, don’t stress about this… ultimately, you want to be comfortable because high-quality sleep is essential for natural beauty. Here are some other beauty sleep tips from my friend Kathy Smith.
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